A Guideline for Business Loan Preparation

Before beginning your new business or growing your current one, be sure you’re prepared for everything that comes with your business loan. Jennifer Krutchen, of First National Bank & Trust, explains.

Whether for startup or growth, most businesses ultimately need to borrow money. Here are some issues to consider as you approach the borrowing process. Addressing them as you start the process can increase your chances of getting a loan and make the process much easier.

Reasons for Borrowing

Every potential lender will want to know the purpose of the loan. As with personal borrowing, potential lenders will look more favorably if the funds are going to be used to produce lasting value for the business. A loan to purchase new equipment to meet the needs of a signed contract with a major customer will be more attractive to a lender than one where the proceeds would be used to meet ongoing operating payroll needs due to a decline in cash flow.
Build a case for how the funds will enhance the short-term and long-term profitability of the business.

Borrowing From the Right Source

Be sure you’ve considered all of your alternative sources of capital before you go to a financial institution. While running up your credit card balances can be expensive and asking relatives for funds can be difficult, those alternatives may be preferable especially if the loan is for a small amount or for a short period of time.
If you expect to use the funds to purchase a piece of equipment, you may want to discuss equipment leasing options with the equipment seller. Many manufacturers of machines (from office equipment to large industrial equipment) have leasing arrangements with lenders that may be familiar with your type of business. Depending on your business’ financial structure, there may be financial or tax advantages to leasing vs. buying.
Are you approaching lenders that are accustomed to making loans to businesses of your size, in your industry or in a specific geographic area? If the institution already knows you, your business, your industry and potentially your customers, they may already have a great deal of the information they need to make an informed lending decision.
Have you considered the stability of the bank you are approaching for your loan? Do they have the capital and resources to meet your lending needs? There are several bank rating and research firms that analyze and rate financial institutions to help you make an informed decision.

Type of Loan Sought

Does the repayment term of the loan match with your expected cash flow? For example, will receipts from your receivables enable you to meet the payment terms? Will a loan repaid over 3 years stress your cash flow? Do you need a 5 year repayment schedule instead?
Be prepared to offer collateral that is tied to the purpose of the loan. Getting a loan to purchase a large new machine may require you to offer a security lien on the machine as collateral. Or, if you have equity in your business real estate, you can often use this equity as collateral, and the loan can then be paid back over a longer period of time.
Depending on the size of your business, you may want to investigate a Small Business Administration loan. The SBA encourages lending to small businesses by guaranteeing parts of loans made to businesses of certain sizes where the proceeds are being used for certain purposes. You can talk to an institution offering SBA loans to learn more. While the paperwork and time frames may be onerous, this may be an option to consider.

Documentation Needed

You will be required to complete a loan application which will require corporate and personal financial information. In addition, you will probably need to provide:
• Tax returns for the business for the last 2-3 years.
• Personal tax returns for the last 2-3 years
• Financial statements for the business for the past couple of years and a year-to-date statement. The lender will want both income statements and balance sheets. They may also want detailed information on accounts receivable, accounts payable, investments and fixed assets.
• A list of all of your current debt along with payment terms.
• Projections for the current year.
• The lender may also want copies of significant contracts with customers and vendors.
• Other important information such as patents or key proprietary information.

Business Plan

Your business plan should play a major role in your decision to borrow and may play a major role in a lender’s evaluation of your loan request. The major components of the plan should include:
• Business description
• Marketing strategies
• Competitive analysis
• Development plans
• Operations
• Management plan
• Key personnel
• Financial information
• Other important information
Be sure your plan is up to date and provides all the information the lender will need to understand your business and make a fully informed lending decision.

Business Practices

Any lender will want to understand how you run your business, and you should be prepared to answer these questions:
• Do you have a credit policy and is it enforced?
• Does your accounting system adequately show the condition and results of your business?
• What is your accounts payable policy? Do you negotiate favorable terms with key vendors prior to placing of orders? How current are you with payables?
• What type of insurance coverage do you have? Is there adequate insurance for liability and property damages?
• Professional partners – who is your business attorney and accountant?


Are all your payroll, property and income tax filings current?
Do you use the services of a qualified tax professional to help ensure that your tax benefits are maximized?
Borrowing money for your business is a serious step. Use the Sound Advice of getting ready to borrow as a tool to evaluate your business and plan for its success. The proper preparations can strengthen your business and also your case for borrowing.
Jennifer Kruchten has 20 years of banking and financial experience and currently manages commercial lending teams in Illinois and Wisconsin for First National Bank and Trust Company, headquartered in Beloit, Wis.
She has volunteered her time to the City of Rockford Community Development Loan Committee, Boys & Girls Club of Rockford, Rockford Area Arts Council, CONTACT, Junior Achievement, Agency Resource Center, and Remedies, and is a member of the Rockford Area Chamber of Commerce Lead 360.